Rand Schist

Rand Schist of Rand Mountains, Schistose rocks of Rand Mountains described briefly ·by Hess (1910, p.28-29, 46) and by Hershey (1902a, p. 273); named, described, and mapped as Rand Schist by Hulin ( 1925,p. 23-31, pl. 1), and officially adopted for use in this report.

Rand Schist folded into anticlinal arch plunging gently westward as indicated by foliation attitudes (figs. 3, 4). On north, schist overlain by gneissic rocks (Johannesburg Gneiss of Hulin), separated by possible fault or thin zone of cataclastic(?) transitional rock; on south and near Randsburg, schist intruded by quartz monzonite; extends unknown distance westward under ·alluviated valley, possibly to Garlock fault. Possibly 10,000 feet of schist exposed; lithology identical to that of Pelona Schist of Sierra Pelona and of Tehachapi Mountains; gray schist, predominating over green schist, contains occasional pods of fibrous actinolite schist; thin layers of quartzite and of marble, mostly in southern and western exposures. In exposures northeast of Johannesburg, albite content of schist increases to 75 percent.

Type locality of Rand Schist designated as generally north-dipping section in Rand Mountains (fig. 4), from quartz monzonite intrusion just south of Randsburg northward to contact with overlying(~) gneiss about 3 miles north of Randsburg.


Areal Geology of the Western Mojave Desert California

Death Valley’s Lost ’49ers

Jefferson Hunt’s Mojave San Joaquin Company, a wagon train made up of anxious gold seekers and settlers frustrated by a late start across the desert in late 1849 join with Captain Hunt to be guided across the Mojave Desert along the new southern route. Tensions rise with a wrong venture into the Escalante Desert and at a point east of Enterprise, and north of Mountain Meadows, Utah, anarchy ensues and the train breaks up into two factions; those who will become lost and those who will go on as planned. Of the 107 wagons in this once large party, only seven wagons remain.

Furnace Creek, Death Valley National Park

On December 22, 1849, the ‘Mojave Sand-walking Company,’ as it became known, arrived in San Bernardino, California. At the same time the remaining ‘Lost ’49ers,’ about one-quarter of those who broke away originally, were entering the desolate Death Valley and would be celebrating Christmas Day near what we know as Furnace Creek.

Death Valley in 1849

Photo Edits/Updates 12/2021

Afton Canyon

Ivanpah Dry Lake

Red Mountain

Red Mountain

Bell Mountain, Apple Valley, Ca.

Digital-Desert.com/MojaveDesert.Net — Corporate Campus

Summit Valley, Hesperia, Ca.

Inyo Mine, Echo Canyon, Death Valley

Furnace Creek Wash, Death Valley

Badwater Spring, Death Valley

We all need a place to watch the world spin . . .
Needles Eye, Echo Canyon, Death Valley

Furnace Creek, Death Valley National Park

Devil’s Playground, Soda Lake, Mojave National Preserve

Joshua Tree National Park

Providence Mountains, Mojave National Preserve

Sunrise Bungalow, Mojave Preserve

Soda Lake, Pacific Coast Soda Company 

Winterkind, Inspiration Point, San Gabriel National Monument

San Bernardino National Forest2/2010

Marl Springs, Mojave National Preserve, Mojave Road

Marl Spring, Mojave National Preserve

Last Chance Spring, Last Chance Canyon, El Paso Mountains, Cudahy ghost town, Lost 49ers

Last Chance Spring – 2010

Lava Field, Amboy Crater – 2008

Bell Mountain Summit, Apple Valley, Ca. – 1/2004

Saratoga Springs, Death Valley National Park

Bell Mountain, Apple Valley, Victor Valley, Ca. 2011

Mojave Preserve – NPS


Mojave Administrative History; NPS – Eric Nystrom

Illustration 1 – Joshua tree and buckhorn cholla

Illustration 2 – Prehistoric petroglyphs at Indian Well

Illustration 3 – The 7IL Ranch

Illustration 4 – Stone walls of 1880s-era Providence

Illustration 5 – U.S. Highway 66, Essex, California

Illustration 6 – High-tension power wires and associated infrastructure

Illustration 7 – Visitor’s center for Providence Mountains State Recreation Area

Illustration 8 – Zzyzx

Illustration 9 – Four-wheel drive vehicles traveling the Mojave Road

Illustration 10 – Painted sign opposing S.21

Illustration 11 – Cross on Sunrise Rock

Illustration 12 – Solar panels at Hole-in-the-Wall

Illustration 13 – Mojave National Preserve entrance monument

Illustration 14 – Official logo of Mojave National Preserve

Illustration 15 – Buildings at the New Trail Mine

Illustration 16 – Graffiti on Kelbaker Road

Illustration 17 – The Union Pacific Railroad

Illustration 18 – Kelso Depot

Illustration 19 – NPS visitors’ center at Hole-in-the-Wall

Illustration 20 – Lake Tuendae at Zzyzx

Illustration 21 – Desert cattle

Illustration 22 – Rock walls of the military outpost at Piute Creek

Illustration 23 – The Rock Springs Land & Cattle Company trough and corral

Illustration 24 – Headframe of the Evening Star Mine

Illustration 25 – Morning Star Mine