Boron Related Index

Boron, California › boron-ca

In the Spring of 1925, William M. Dowsing and J. L. Hannan discovered a huge deposit 120 feet (37 m) thick just 1 1/2 miles west of Suckow’s shaft, which they …

Boron Cemetery – Mojave desert photo tour › boron-cemetery

Virtual tour of graveyard in boron california.

Kramer Junction (Four Corners) Mojave High Desert › kramer-junction-ca

3) Go west on State Route 58 through Boron, Mojave, or California City and up to Tehachapi and over the Southern Sierra. 4) Go east to Barstow. There is …

Heritage of the Upper Mojave Desert › books › upper-Mojave

Boron. What was formerly Amargo is the community of Boron today. When a camp was created for mining employees,…

Boron and Copper Discoveries › mining-history › overview

The Copper World Mine, discovered in 1869, was systematically mined in 1898. Ore was smelted west of the mine at Valley Wells. After reduction at the …

Antelope Valley › antelope-valley

This valley is one of nine in California with the same name. This valley sweeps across the western Mojave high desert and includes the communities of Lancaster, …

What is Borax? – Notes › blog › what-is-borax

Sep 27, 2023  Chemical Composition: Borax is an inorganic compound comprising sodium, boron, oxygen, and water molecules. Its chemical formula is Na2B4O7· …

Mojave, California › mojave-ca

The population was 3,836 at the 2000 census. The town is located at the northwestern corner of the Mojave Desert, below the Oak Creek Pass. Mojave, Ca …

20 Mule Team Mule Skinner › death-valley-history › skinner

Boron California. [19][20] The first post office at Boron opened in 1938. History of Borax Mining in … The Twenty Mule Teams hauled more than 20 million …

KRAMER DISTRICT › desert-fever › kramer-district

Desert Fever – Kern County: Kramer District. This district, located some 30 miles east of Mojave, contains the most important source of borax and borate …

Highway 58 › road-trail › highway-58

State Highway 58 (SR 58) in California, which traverses the Mojave Desert, passes through a range of interesting and diverse points of interest. Here’s a look …

Borax Wagons

The 20-mule team borax ore wagons used in the late 1800s to transport borax from the mines in Death Valley, California, were quite large and had specific dimensions.

Here are the approximate dimensions for a typical 20-mule team borax ore wagon:

  1. Length: Approximately 30 feet (9 meters)
  2. Width: About 8 feet (2.4 meters)
  3. Height: Around 7 feet (2.1 meters)
  4. Weight: These wagons weighed approximately 7 tons when fully loaded with borax ore.

These massive wagons required a team of 18 mules and two horses to pull them across the harsh desert terrain. They were an iconic part of the borax mining industry in the late 19th century and were crucial in transporting borax to the nearest railroad for distribution.

  1. Two large ore wagons were used to transport the borax ore from the mines in Death Valley to the nearest railroad for shipment. They were massive and could carry a significant amount of borax.
  2. One water tank wagon: There was a specialized tank wagon in addition to the two ore wagons. This wagon carried water for the mules and horses that pulled the wagons. The desert environment of Death Valley was harsh, and providing water for the animals was crucial to their survival during the long and arduous journey.

So, the 20-mule team borax wagons actually consisted of 18 mules and 2 horses pulling two ore wagons and one water tank wagon. These wagons became an iconic symbol of the borax mining industry in the late 19th century.


20-Mule Teams