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Mojave Desert Map:

Antelope Valley

The valley was named for the graceful animals that are said to have roamed there until being eliminated by hunters and bad weather in the 1880s. The principal cities in the Antelope Valley are Palmdale and Lancaster.
Western Antelope Valley - Mojave Desert

The Antelope Valley is a 3,000-square-mile high desert closed basin straddling northern Los Angeles County and southern Kern County. This valley is one of nine in California with the same name. This valley sweeps across the western Mojave high desert and includes the communities of Lancaster, Palmdale, Rosamond and Mojave. Populated by different cultures for an estimated 11,000 years, the Antelope Valley was a trade route for Native Americans traveling from Arizona and New Mexico to California’s coast. Though the first wave of non-native exploration took place in the early 1770s, a later exploratory period starting in the 1840s led to the valley’s first permanent settlement during the following decade, fueled by California’s Gold Rush and new status as American territory. The 1854 establishment of the Fort Tejon military post near Castaic Lake and Grapevine Canyon created a gateway for valley traffic.

The Antelope Valley in California is located in northern Los Angeles County and southeastern Kern County, California. This valley consitutes the wedge-shaped western tip of the Mojave between the San Gabriel and Tehachapi Mountains

Cowboys at H.J. Butterworth Corral, c.1905-1910 - City of Lancaster Museum

Several developments were integral to the valley’s growth starting in the mid-1800s, including gold mining in the Kerns and Owens rivers; cattle ranching; the start of a Butterfield stagecoach route in 1858; construction of the Los Angeles-to-San Francisco telegraph line in 1860; completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad line in 1876; and ample rainfall during the 1880s and early 1890s, which attracted many farmers. The decade-long drought that began in 1894-the worst in southern California’s recorded history-decimated the regional economy and forced many settlers to abandon their homesteads, but after the turn of the twentieth century irrigation methods and electricity brought back local farming. The 1913 completion of the aqueduct spanning 233 miles between the Owens Valley and Los Angeles also revived the valley’s economy. Today the Antelope Valley retains elements of its agricultural past but its economic base is now supported by aerospace and defense industries.

from; Antelope Valley Library

Antelope Valley Map

Historical Setting


Lake Los Angeles
Elizabeth Lake
Willow Springs
California City

Points of Interest
Flora and Fauna

The Last Antelope




High Desert Plains & Hills

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These items are historical in scope and are intended for educational purposes only; they are not meant as an aid for travel planning.
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