Digital-Desert : Mojave Desert Visit us on Facebook -- Desert Gazette -- Desert Link
Intro:: Nature:: Map:: Points of Interest:: Roads & Trails:: People & History:: Ghosts & Gold:: Communities:: BLOG:: Weather:: :?:: glossary

Antelope Valley:

Mojave, California

Mojave, California, became a crucial transportation hub for borax in the 1870s, following John Searles' discovery of extensive deposits at Searles Lake. Initially, mule teams transported borax to Mojave, but the arrival of the Southern Pacific Railroad in 1876 revolutionized shipping. The railroad enabled efficient, large-scale transport, spurring economic growth and establishing Mojave as a key trade center. This enhanced connectivity allowed for expanded borax production and market reach. Today, Searles Valley Minerals continues mining operations, with Mojave’s historical legacy as a vital link in the borax industry enduring through modern advancements and community tenacity.

Railroad at Mojave, California -- junction of the Mojave Desert
Mojave, in Kern County, California, United States. Mojave is located 50 miles (80 km) east of Bakersfield, at an elevation of 2762 feet (842 m). The population was 3,836 at the 2000 census. The town is located at the northwestern corner of the Mojave Desert, below the Oak Creek Pass.
Mojave, Ca. 1938
Mojave, Ca. 1938

Mojave began in 1876 as a construction camp on the Southern Pacific Railroad. From 1884 to 1889, the town was the western terminus of the 165-mile (266 km), Twenty-mule Team Borax wagon route originating at Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley. Gold was discovered in 1894 on Soledad Mountain. Later on mines with colorful names like Elephant-Eagle, Asher, Yellow Dog and Golden Queen began to emerge.

Warehouse - 1908

Mojave provided hospitality to travelers, begining with the opening of the Morrissey Hotel in 1876. In the old two-story railroad depot, the Fred Harvey organization operated a "Harvey House", complete with "Harvey Girls" serving meals to weary travelers and miners.

In 1908 cement production for the Los Angeles Aqueduct began. The community became headquarters for construction operations.

The name Mojave comes from the name of the Mohave Indian nation influencing the desert area before the arrival of European settlers.



First Trans-Mojave Railroad

Searles Lake


Mojave, CA - Area Features

Mojave Air & Space Port

Red Rock Canyon

Antelope Valley

West Mojave Desert

Also see...

Lancaster CA

Boron CA

Tehachapi CA

Intro:: Nature:: Map:: Points of Interest:: Roads & Trails:: People & History:: Ghosts & Gold:: Communities:: BLOG:: Weather:: :?:: glossary
Country Life Realty
Wrightwood, Ca.
Mountain Hardware
Wrightwood, Ca.
Canyon Cartography
Links to Desert Museums

Grizzly Cafe
Family Dining

Custom Search

Abraxas Engineering
These items are historical in scope and are intended for educational purposes only; they are not meant as an aid for travel planning.
Copyright ©Walter Feller. 1995-2023 - All rights reserved.