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recreation - ecology: wildlife - plants - geography: places - MAPS - map/sat - roads & trails: route 66 - old west - communities - weather
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Cajon Pass

Cajon Pass as viewed looking south from the north ridge
Looking south down the Cajon Pass

The San Andreas fault, where the North American and Pacific continental plates meet and grind together, a mountain range was formed millions of years ago. The single range divided and was cut at a right angle by streams flowing toward the lower basin, the higher plate tore away from the ridges. To the east, the San Bernardino range, to the west, the San Gabriels. This breach in the mountains became the "Cajon Pass." In Spanish, "Cajon", translates to "Box", which they felt the pass was shaped like.

The Cajon Pass was lived in and around by the Serrano Indians, although the Indians of the desert would travel through on nearby trails to trade with the coastal indians.

Spanish soldier, Pedro Fages, first traveled through the pass in his search for deserters from the Spanish Army. Horse thieves such as Walkara, known as the "Greatest horsethief in history", used the pass to escape with his thousands of horses stolen in raids. Later, Mormon pioneers, and those eager to find gold in the rush up north.

Trails were worn and established, and several smaller passes were used to enter the valley. Eventually, a toll road was cut and graded. A railroad was built; the toll road was paved, realigned and became the Old National Trails highway. Later on, the highway was upgraded again and became Route 66.

Cajon Pass photo tours

The Mormon Rocks
Rest stop for Mormon travelers on the Mormon Road on the way to San Bernardino. Unusual sandstone rock formation created by San Andreas fault. (Natural Formations)

Lost Lake
Sag pond fed by spring emerging from the San Andreas fault. Deep and cold. (Springs)

Views from the Cajon Summit
Stand on the summit and look around. (Scenic Views)

Cajon Summit Wildflowers
Wildflowers, weeds & blossoms around the Cajon Pass Summit. (Wildflowers)

Cajon Pass Wildflowers
Along the east ridge of the canyon near the San Bernardino National Forest. (Wildflowers)

Railroad through the Pass
Watch the trains to Mojave Narrows through the historic Cajon Pass

Route 66 - National Trails Highway
Abandoned Americana. Virtual road trip along a forgotten section of the old Route 66. Devore, Keene, Summit Valley, Cajon Summit. (Route 66)

Pacific Crest Trail
Virtual hike along twelve miles of this National scenic trail running from Mexico to Canada. (Pacific Crest Trail)


Cajon Pass History

Cajon Pass Terrain Map

Related Maps

recreation - ecology: wildlife - plants - geography: places - MAPS - map/sat - roads & trails: route 66 - old west - communities - weather
ghost towns - gold mines - parks & public lands: wilderness - native culture - history - geology: natural features - 360 photos - glossary - comments

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