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Mojave River Valley Museum
DEATH VALLEY WILDLIFE >
Mammals > Rodents
Mostly nocturnal; among trees in mountains.
Colorful squirrel; pinyon-juniper woodlands of Panamint and Grapevine Mountains; active nearly year-round.
White-tailed Antelope Squirrel
Most common squirrel in park; from valley floor to over 6000 feet; adapted to hot weather, non-hibernating.
California Ground Squirrel
Solitary or in small colonies; Hunter Mountain area of Cottonwood Mountains.
Round-tailed Ground Squirrel
Common in low desert, mesquite thickets; may climb into bushes to escape heat; non-hibernating.
Mojave Ground Squirrel
Endemic to Mojave desert; low to mid-elevations; mainly solitary; burrow lacks mound of excavated dirt; hibernates more than half a year. A threatened species in California.
Botta's Pocket Gopher
Pocket gophers rarely above ground for long; mainly nocturnal on surface; active year-round; below 5000 ft.
Pygmy Pocket gopher
Thomymus umbrinus oreocus
Leave fan-shaped mounds of dirt; higher elevations up 10,000 feet on surrounding mountains.
Panamint Pocket Gopher
Thomymus umbrinus scapterus
Panamint and Grapevine Mountains.
Great Basin Pocket Mouse
Nocturnal; inactive in winter; pinyon-juniper woodlands.
Little Pocket Mouse
Nocturnal; likes areas of desert pavement; creosote bush to sagebrush.
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse
Chaetodipus formosus mohavensis
Nocturnal; rocky slopes and canyons; Grapevine Mountains.
Desert Pocket Mouse
Nocturnal; open, sandy valley floor.
Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat
Nocturnal; mid-elevation desert to sagebrush; sandy soil od rocky slopes with sparse vegetation.
Panamint Kangaroo Rat
Nocturnal; mountains to 6000 to 7000 feet; pinyon-juniper to sage brush.
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat
Nocturnal; smallest of the kangaroo rats; sandy soil on valley floor.
Desert Kangaroo Rat
Nocturnal; largest kangaroo rat in park; white tip on tail; valley floor, especially around mesquite.
Western Harvest Mouse
Dense vegetation near water; Salt Creek, Furnace Creek, Wildrose.
Nocturnal; low desert to mountains; rocky outcrops.
Nocturnal; rocky areas in canyons and mountains.
Nocturnal; common throughout park.
Nocturnal; good climber; brushy areas in mountains.
Nocturnal; rocky areas in pinyon-juniper woodlands.
Southern Grasshopper Mouse
Throughout park below 5000 feet; carnivorous; call is a shrill whistle.
Nocturnal; builds large "houses" of debris on ground or along cliffs.
Nocturnal; pinyon-juniper woodlands; gathers debris in rock crevices or under logs.