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Desert Wildlife - Birds:

Brown-crested Flycatcher

The Brown-crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus tyrannulus) is a bird species belonging to the tyrant flycatcher family, Tyrannidae. It is primarily found in the Americas, ranging from the southwestern United States through Mexico and Central America to western Panama. Some populations also inhabit parts of South America.

Here are some key features and characteristics of the Brown-crested Flycatcher:


Brown-crested Flycatchers are medium-sized birds with a length of about 8 to 9 inches (20-23 cm). They have an overall olive-brown plumage on the upperparts and a yellowish belly. The crest on their head is a distinguishing feature, and it is usually concealed, making it less noticeable when not raised.


Their vocalizations include a variety of calls, including a sharp "whit" or "wheep" sound. The song is a series of loud, clear whistles, often described as "kleeer kleeer kleeer."


Brown-crested Flycatchers are commonly found in a variety of habitats, including open woodlands, forest edges, and riparian areas. They are often associated with trees and can be found in both deciduous and coniferous forests.


These flycatchers are known for perching in an exposed position, where they scan the surroundings for flying insects. They feed on a diet primarily consisting of insects, catching them in flight.


They build cup-shaped nests in tree branches using plant materials, and the female typically lays a clutch of eggs.


The Brown-crested Flycatcher has a broad range, covering parts of North, Central, and South America. In the United States, it is commonly found in the southwestern states.

It's important to note that the Brown-crested Flycatcher is just one species among many in the diverse family of tyrant flycatchers, known for their insect-catching behavior and often striking vocalizations.

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus

A passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in open woodland from southern California, southern Nevada, central Arizona, and southern Texas southward to Argentina and Bolivia, and on Trinidad and Tobago. It is resident in most of its range, but American breeders retreat to Mexico or southern Florida in winter.

Adult Brown-crested Flycatchers are 20.3cm long and weigh 30g, and have heavy bills. The upperparts are olive brown, with a darker head and short crest. The breast is grey and the belly is lemon yellow. The brown tail feathers and wings have rufous outer webs, and there are two dull wing bars.

This species is a rather skulking insectivore which catches its prey by flycatching amongst the undergrowth.
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