History of Antelope Valley
The first peoples of the Antelope Valley include the
valley was first entered by Europeans in the 1770s, during colonization of North America.
Father Francisco Garces, a
Spanish Franciscan friar, is believed to have traveled the west end of the valley in 1776. By 1808, the invaders
forced native peoples out of the valley and into missions.
came through in 1827, and
John C. Fremont
made a scientific observation of the valley in 1844 along with his other California explorations.
Stagecoach lines came through the valley along its foothills after Fremont's visit and were the preferred way of travel for
colonists before the coming of the
Southern Pacific railroad
in 1876. The rail service linking the valley to the
Central Valley and Los Angeles started the first large influx of white settlers to the valley, and farms and towns soon
sprouted on the valley floor.
The aircraft (now referred to as aerospace) industry took hold in the valley at Plant 42 in 1952. Edwards AFB, then
called Muroc Army Air Field, was established in 1933.